dilluns, 10 de setembre de 2007

Avui fa 293 anys....

Avui, 11 de setembre de 2007, fa dos-cents noranta-tres anys que cap a dos quarts de cinc de la matinada, les tropes borbòniques comandades per James Fitz-James, Duc de Berwick, començaven l'enèssim i el que seria l'assalt final a la ciutat de Barcelona, que portava des del 25 de juliol de 1713, més de tretze mesos, sota un setge terrestre i marítim per part d'un contingent format per 86.000 homes repartits arreu del principat (40.000 dels quals davant les muralles de Barcelona enfront de 6.500 soldats d'infanteria, 500 de cavalleria i només 24 peces d'artilleria) per a sufocar les diferents revoltes, guerrilles i ocupar les poques places fortes que es resistien a l'invasor; 86.000 homes per a controlar un país que amb prou feines arribava als 500.000 habitants!

Les tropes Borbòniques, van penetrar a la ciutat per l'anomenada "bretxa reial", el forat més gran que havia sorgit entre els baluards de Santa Clara i el Portal Nou, a la zona est de la ciutat, que havia set bombardejada sistemàticament per un centenar de bateries enemigues des del 12 de juliol, ja que era la part de la muralla que més dèbil era i que encara tenia desperfectes del setge de 1906, que va ser un fracàs per part dels borbònics. Dies abans de la fatídica data, l'enemic havia intentat vàries incursions per a tal d'apoderar-se dels dos baluards i així tenir una posició consolidada des d'on penetrar a la ciutat per la bretxa reial, però en l'anomenada Batalla del Baluard de Santa Clara, els invasors van patir una greu derrota i moltes baixes a causa de la resistència fèrria dels defensors catalans (uns 2000) enfront de 5000 invasors que van participar en aquella intentona que va durar del 12 al 14 d'agost i que va demostrar el valor i la resistència dels defensors davant d'uns soldats més nombrosos, més ben alimentats, amb més provisions d'armament i respaldats per més d'un centenar de canons que no paraven de fer caure bombes sobre la ciutat.

Però aquesta victòria va portar a les tropes catalanes fins al seu límit i va quedar clar que poc podien fer per resistir gaire més, però tot i així no es van rendir, a pesar de que no quedaven provisions de pólvora ni aliments i que prop d'un terç de la ciutat eren runes. Aquells valents defensors van resistir fins l'onze de setembre. I aquell dia la batalla va durar des de quarts de cinc del matí fins a les dues de la tarda, quan les tropes borbòniques ja havien pres les runes dels baluards de Santa Clara i Portal Nou i estaven lluitant casa per casa, plaça per plaça i carrer per carrer contra els defensors que no paraven de resistir i contraatacar fins que els defensors van aturar l'avanç enemic i van estabilitzar de nou el front. Va ser llavors, quant la junta de braços es va reunir per última vegada com a comandants de la ciutat i del Principat i van decidir rendir la ciutat tot acceptant les condicions del Duc de Berwick. Tot havia acabat, Barcelona, la capital del país, havia caigut. Set anys abans, el País Valencià i Aragó havien caigut. Cardona ho faria 7 dies després, el 18 de setembre i Mallorca i les Pitiüses, al 1715.

Del balanç final que ens deixa el setge, podríem destacar-ne els següents punts: en total hi van haver 6.580 persones mortes pel bàndol català i unes 15.000 de borbòniques. L'artilleria enemiga va llançar unes 30.000 bombes sobre la ciutat, que van destruir completament una tercera part d'aquesta i van deixar-ne una altra tercera part en un estat molt deplorable. Però lo pitjor encara no havia arribat...

Així doncs, després de 293 anys d'aquests fatídics fets, encara quedem uns quants (que amb el pas dels anys hem anat sent més) que en un dia tan assenyalat arreu del planeta per fets que no fa molt que van succeir i que van canviar el món, nosaltres els catalans, recordem el que va canviar el nostre món, la nostra vida i el que van pretendre uns per tal d'acabar amb tot un poble i que 293 anys després, els seus descendents encara segueixen pretenent.


Per tan, a tots els que demà considereu que és un dia important per a nosaltres, un dia que cal recordar, que cal no oblidar i que cal celebrar i plorar, espero que sapigueu (que sapiguem) fer-nos dignes de la memòria de tots aquells valents que van donar la seva vida per una causa: per la seva llibertat i per la seva gent. Per tant, no oblideu als homes d'Almansa, de Xàtiva, de Lleida, de Vic, de Cardona, de Barcelona i de Palma que van lluitar fins al límit de les seves forces per una causa que creien justa i que suposava no diluir-se en el pas del temps. No els oblideu, que jo no els oblidaré mai i sempre en aquesta data els tindré presents. Per a tots vosaltres patriotes; feliç Diada!

"Viurem Lliures o Morirem!"
Visca la terra i que mori Felip de Borbó i tots els seus descendents!

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